SURGICAL TREATMENT OF A SPONTANEOUS RUPTURE OF A MYCOTIC ANEURYSM
Saccular mycotic aorto-iliac aneurysms are rare but, when ruptured, they are an important life-threatening condition. We present the case of a 52 years-old male transferred from another hospital and admitted to the emergency room with a ruptured iliac artery aneurysm. He complained of persistent fever and abdominal discomfort that swiftly established as hemorrhagic shock. Image study with computed tomographic angiography revealed a ruptured left common iliac artery saccular aneurysm. The patient was instantaneously and successfully submitted to endoaneurismorraphy of the hypogastric artery, common and external iliac artery ligation and construction of an extra anatomic bypass, right to left femorofemoral bypass. Blood culture revealed a Streptococcus anginosus and the patient received appropriate targeted antibiotics. Post-operative period was uneventful and the patient discharged ten days after admission. He has now eleven months of follow up with no intercurrences. Even though surgical approach carries a relative risk of perioperative morbidity, it is a feasible and durable solution for extreme situations like the one here described.
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