ENDOVASCULAR PROCEDURES FOR LOWER LIMB PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE IN AN AMBULATORY UNIT

Authors

  • João Carvas General Surgery Department, Unidade Local de Saúde do Nordeste (ULSNE), Bragança, Portugal
  • José Vidoedo Vascular Surgery Department, Centro Hospitalar Tâmega e Sousa (CHTS), Penafiel, Portugal
  • Miguel Maia Vascular Surgery Department, Centro Hospitalar Tâmega e Sousa (CHTS), Penafiel, Portugal
  • João Vasconcelos Vascular Surgery Department, Centro Hospitalar Tâmega e Sousa (CHTS), Penafiel, Portugal
  • João Almeida Pinto Vascular Surgery Department, Centro Hospitalar Tâmega e Sousa (CHTS), Penafiel, Portugal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.48729/pjctvs.167

Abstract

Objectives: To analyse the safety and outcomes of endovascular procedures in an ambulatory practice.

Methods: Data were collected from a cohort of patients admitted in an ambulatory unit for an endovascular procedure for lower limb (LL) arterial occlusive disease during a one year period.

Results: A total of 168 procedures were carried out in 134 patients. Patients’ mean age was 67 (39-91) years and 78% were male. Most patients presented with lower limb ulcer or gangrene (43%) or disabling claudication (40%). Most frequent comorbidities included hypertension (75.4%), dyslipidemia (72.4%) and diabetes mellitus (57.5%). The preferred vascular access for the procedures was the common femoral artery (52%), superficial femoral artery (24%) and humeral artery (21%). Global complication rate was 19% but only one major, non-fatal complication was identified. The most common complication was arterial dissection (8.3%), none compromising blood flow. One-year amputation rate was 6.7%, and one-year mortality was 3.0%. Factors significantly associated with procedure complications were female sex, hypertension and dyslipidemia.

Conclusion: Ambulatory endovascular procedures for PAD are safe and effective in selected patients. Both the low rate and low severity of complications make them an attractive option in the prospect of diminishing the burden of these patients on the health-care system while improving patient comfort.

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Published

02-07-2021

How to Cite

1.
Carvas J, Vidoedo J, Maia M, Vasconcelos J, Almeida Pinto J. ENDOVASCULAR PROCEDURES FOR LOWER LIMB PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE IN AN AMBULATORY UNIT. Rev Port Cir Cardiotorac Vasc [Internet]. 2021 Jul. 2 [cited 2024 Jun. 13];28(2):33-8. Available from: https://pjctvs.com/index.php/journal/article/view/167

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