COMPLEX CHEST WALL DEFORMITY CAUSING CARDIAC ARREST: A PECULIAR PEDIATRIC CASE

Authors

  • Miguel Soares-Oliveira Department of Pediatric Surgery. Centro Hospitalar Universitário São João. Porto, Portugal
  • Sofia Vasconcelos-Castro Department of Pediatric Surgery. Centro Hospitalar Universitário São João. Porto, Portugal
  • Norberto Estevinho Department of Pediatric Surgery. Centro Hospitalar Universitário São João. Porto, Portugal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.48729/pjctvs.17

Abstract

Introduction: Congenital chest wall deformities are common in children, causing self and parental concern mainly due to cosmesis. These defects rarely cause severe symptoms in patients.

Case report: 11-year-old girl with a complex chest wall deformity and severe scoliosis causing progressive neurological loss of function. When mobilized to prone position for orthopedic surgery, she suffered sudden hypotension immediately followed by a cardiac arrest, that reverted after moving the child back to supine position. The cardiac arrest was interpreted as a result of a decrease in venous blood return secondary to heart and great vessels compression. She was then proposed and submitted to a modified Ravitch procedure with retrosternal metal bar placement in order to allow ventral positioning. This was successfully achieved, and the patient underwent scoliosis correction 3 months later. After more than a year of follow up, she reduced the need for non-invasive ventilation and tolerates prone positioning.

Conclusion: This case report alerts medical community that beyond cosmesis concerns, severe chest wall deformities can cause life-threatening events if not correctly managed.

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References

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Published

08-04-2021

How to Cite

1.
Soares-Oliveira M, Vasconcelos-Castro S, Estevinho N. COMPLEX CHEST WALL DEFORMITY CAUSING CARDIAC ARREST: A PECULIAR PEDIATRIC CASE. Rev Port Cir Cardiotorac Vasc [Internet]. 2021 Apr. 8 [cited 2024 Feb. 28];28(1):59-60. Available from: https://pjctvs.com/index.php/journal/article/view/17

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Section

Clinical Cases