• Antonio Bugalho Pulmonology Unit, CUF Tejo Hospital, Lisbon, Portugal; Pulmonology Unit, CUF Descobertas Hospital, Lisbon, Portugal; Chronic Diseases Research Centre (CEDOC), NOVA Medical School, Lisbon, Portugal
  • Fernando Guedes Pulmonology Department, Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg, Luxembourg image/svg+xml
  • Francisco Freitas Pulmonology Unit, CUF Tejo Hospital, Lisbon, Portugal; Pulmonology Department, Hospital Santa Maria, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, Lisbon, Portugal
  • Luis Vaz Rodrigues Pulmonology Department, Instituto Português de Oncologia Francisco Gentil, Coimbra, Portugal
  • Paul Frost Clementsen Copenhagen Academy for Medical Education and Simulation (CAMES)
  • Ralf Eberhardt Pulmonology and Intensive Care Medicine Department, Asklepios KlinikBarmbek, Hamburg, Germany
  • José Cepeda Ribeiro Pulmonology Unit, CUF Tejo Hospital, Lisbon, Portugal



The role of endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) and trans-esophageal endobronchial ultrasound (EUS-B) in lung cancer is well established and scientifically validated. There is increasing data that endosonography is a crucial tool for the diagnosis of central lung lesions, and mediastinal staging and restaging of non-small cell lung cancer patients. The present article reviews the technical aspects of EBUS and EUS-B and focus on the last published research regarding its value in lung cancer.


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How to Cite

Bugalho A, Guedes F, Freitas F, Rodrigues LV, Clementsen PF, Eberhardt R, Cepeda Ribeiro J. LINEAR ENDOSONOGRAPHY IN LUNG CANCER: A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW. Rev Port Cir Cardiotorac Vasc [Internet]. 2022 Apr. 11 [cited 2024 May 21];29(1):35-43. Available from:



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